June 6, 2023

THE AMERICAN RAIL INFRASTRUCTURE 

A Review of How Far It Has Come – And Still Needs to Go 

Rail transportation has been an integral part of the American transportation system for centuries, playing a vital role in the nation’s economic growth and development. The American rail infrastructure has come a long way since its inception, but there is still room for improvement.  

A Quick History of the U.S. Railway System 

Rail transportation in America began in the early 19th century when the country’s first steam-powered locomotive made its debut in 1830. By the mid-19th century, the country’s rail network had grown to over 30,000 miles, primarily serving the eastern seaboard. The completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869 connected the eastern and western coasts, opening up new markets and opportunities for businesses and individuals alike.  

The 20th century saw significant changes in the American rail infrastructure. The diesel-electric locomotive replaced steam engines, and the rail network expanded to cover more than 220,000 miles, making it the most extensive rail network in the world.  However, the growth of the interstate highway system and the aviation industry led to a decline in rail travel, resulting in significant financial losses for rail companies. In the 1970s, the federal government created Amtrak to take over passenger rail service, while the freight railroads were deregulated in the 1980s, allowing them to compete more effectively with other modes of transportation. 

Modern Day Railway System 

Today, the American railway system continues to play an important role in the country’s economy and society. The railway network spans over 140,000 miles, connecting cities and towns across the country. The railway system continues to facilitate the transportation of goods and people, providing a vital link in the country’s supply chain; It has also seen significant technological advancements in recent years, with the development of high-speed rail and the implementation of advanced safety features.

The most recent major initiative has been the implementation of Positive Train Control (PTC), a safety system designed to prevent train collisions and derailments, which was required by federal law and has been gradually phased in over the past few years. The railway system has become more efficient and environmentally friendly, with new technologies reducing emissions and improving fuel efficiency. 

Despite the challenges, the American rail infrastructure remains an essential component of the country’s transportation system, carrying billions of tons of freight each year. The rail industry contributes significantly to the economy, providing jobs for more than a million Americans and generating billions of dollars in revenue.  

The current state of the American rail infrastructure leaves room for improvement. One of the significant challenges facing the industry is the outdated and aging infrastructure. Many of the country’s rail lines were built in the 19th and early 20th centuries and are in desperate need of repair and modernization. Additionally, rail companies face significant bottlenecks, particularly in urban areas, where rail lines intersect with roads and highways. 

Room For Growth 

The railway system is by no means insulated from issues. To improve the American rail infrastructure, significant investments are needed to upgrade and modernize the existing infrastructure. This includes improving the tracks, bridges, and tunnels, as well as upgrading signaling and communication systems.

Investments in modernizing the rail network will not only improve safety and reliability but will also enable rail companies to offer faster and more efficient services. According to a 2019 report by the World Economic Forum, the United States stands at 13th place globally in terms of its infrastructure. In light of this ranking, the Biden administration is highlighting the urgent need for comprehensive improvements to roads, bridges, and other critical infrastructure. 

Improving the railway infrastructure in the US is a priority for the Biden administration. The administration has announced over $233 million in grants to upgrade intercity passenger rail service and improve the rail infrastructure used heavily by Amtrak, Metrolink commuter services, and BNSF freight trains into a state of good repair while reducing delays, increasing speeds, and shortening trip times.  

The administration has also announced over $368 million in grants to improve and expand passenger rail and fund conventional and high-speed rail, increase supply chain resilience and fluidity, support short line railroads, invest in new technology and safety advancements, and benefit rail industry workforce development and training activities – helping to create jobs and increase economic growth.  

The White House said the rail investment would “address Amtrak’s repair backlog; modernize the high traffic Northeast Corridor; improve existing corridors and connect new city pairs; and enhance grant and loan programs that support passenger and freight rail safety, efficiency, and electrification. 

Modernize to Monetize 

While the rail industry plays a vital role in the country’s economy, the aging and outdated infrastructure poses significant challenges. To remain safe, competitive, and relevant, the American rail infrastructure needs significant investments in modernization and a fast track to capacity expansion.