May 28, 2024

HOW TO START COMPOSTING

A Beginner’s Guide – Even in a Small Apartment 

Composting is an eco-friendly practice that can help reduce waste, enrich your garden, and contribute to a healthier planet. While many people associate composting with spacious gardens, it’s entirely possible to start composting even if you live in a small apartment with limited space.   

In this article, we offer you a beginner’s guide that walks you through the basics of composting and provide tips specifically tailored for apartment dwellers. 

Why Compost? 

Before we dive into the how-to, it’s essential to understand why composting is a worthwhile endeavor. Composting offers numerous benefits, such as: 

  • Reducing Waste: Composting diverts kitchen scraps and yard waste from landfills, reducing the burden on waste disposal systems. 
  • Nutrient-Rich Soil: Compost is a valuable soil conditioner that enhances the fertility and structure of soil, making it ideal for gardening. 
  • Cost Savings: By creating your compost, you can reduce the need for store-bought fertilizers and soil conditioners. 
  • Lower Carbon Footprint: Composting reduces greenhouse gas emissions associated with organic waste decomposition in landfills. 

Starting Your New Composting Practice in an Apartment: A Beginner’s Guide 

Choose a Composting Method: 

  • Vermicomposting: This method uses red wiggler worms to break down organic matter in a compact space. 
  • Bokashi Composting: Bokashi bins use anaerobic fermentation to decompose food scraps and can be kept under the sink. 
  • Indoor Compost Tumblers: Compact compost tumblers with aeration systems are designed for small spaces. 

Collect Materials: 

You’ll need a container or bin for composting, kitchen scraps (e.g., fruit and vegetable peelings, coffee grounds, eggshells), and brown materials (e.g., shredded newspaper, cardboard). 

  • Start Composting: Layer green materials (kitchen scraps) and brown materials (shredded paper) in your chosen container. If you’re using a vermicomposting system, add the worms to the bin and cover them with bedding material. 
  • Maintain Your Compost: Keep the compost moist but not soggy. Stir or turn the compost occasionally to aerate it and speed up decomposition. Ensure proper drainage to prevent foul odors. 
  • What to Avoid Composting: Do not compost meat, dairy, or oily foods, as they can attract pests. Avoid adding diseased plants or pet waste. 
  • Harvest Your Compost: When your compost is dark, crumbly, and has a sweet, earthy smell, it’s ready to use in your garden or for potted plants. 

Tips for Apartment Composting 

  • Size Matters: Choose a composting method that fits your space. For small apartments, vermicomposting or a compact indoor compost tumbler is usually the best option. 
  • Odor Control: To prevent odors, use a well-ventilated container, add more brown materials, and avoid overloading with kitchen scraps. 
  • Location, Location: Place your composting system in a discreet but easily accessible spot in your apartment, such as under the sink, in a closet, or on a balcony. 
  • Apartment-Friendly Containers: Look for sleek, odor-sealed composting bins designed for apartments. These can blend with your décor and control odors effectively. 
  • Keep It Neat: Line your compost container with a compostable bag or newspaper to make cleanup easier. 
  • Educate Yourself: Learn the specific requirements of your chosen composting method to ensure successful decomposition. 

Get Your Compost On! 

Composting is a rewarding and sustainable practice that can be adapted to even the smallest of apartment living spaces. By following these steps and tips, you can start composting with ease, reduce waste, and contribute to a greener and more eco-conscious lifestyle. Remember that every effort, no matter how small, makes a significant impact in the fight against waste and climate change. Happy composting!